Security lighting plays a significant role in preventing unauthorized entry to both residential and commercial buildings by providing luminance to dark areas of your property. A well-lit home is less appealing to burglars and intruders, as they prefer to break into houses or buildings with dark surroundings. However, there are different types of security lighting and each of them may vary based on their range of illumination, the technology used, and the specific needs of the user. This article looks at the different types of security lighting and the best way to choose an ideal option for your home security needs.
- Continuous Security Lighting
Continuous lighting is one of the common types of security lighting that consists of a series of fixed lights arranged strategically to illuminate specific areas continuously during darkness. The two primary methods used for continuous lighting are controlled lighting and glare projection. The glare method of continuous lighting is effective for lighting approaches to a site or boundaries around a facility. It is often used when the glare of lights directed towards a particular area does not annoy the occupants or interfere with neighboring properties.
This makes it difficult for an intruder to see beyond such a light barrier as it creates a strong visual and psychological deterrent. Controlled lighting is used to control the width of the lighted strip outside to fit a particular need. It lights up the perimeter of the property including storage lots, parking areas and other locations that require high security.
- Stand-By Security Lighting
This type of security lighting is designed for reserve, or to supplement continuous lighting systems when needed. They can either be engaged manually or automatically when there is a need for additional light or when the continuous lighting systems are inoperative. A stand-by security lighting can be used to light an area for occasional use and selectively illuminate a particular portion of the site if suspicious activity is detected. They have a similar layout to continuous lighting but they differ in terms of usage. A stand-by security lighting can have a devastating psychological effect on an intruder whose cover of darkness suddenly disappears the moment these lights are turned on. Lighting systems with motion-sensors can also keep your property clear of wandering pests and nighttime prowlers as they turn on automatically when they detect movement.
- Movable Security Lighting
This type of security lighting uses portable lighting hardware that is manually operated. They are often used in selected places that require temporary lighting. It can also be used to supplement stand-by lighting or continuous lighting when necessary. Portable security lighting is often mounted on telescoping poles with fixed or adjustable heights. They can be transported to the required area single-handedly or using trailers that have their source of power generation to provide maximum flexibility. However, movable security lighting may require a recharge or replacement on their source of power generation.
- Emergency Security Lighting
Emergency security lighting is often reserved for situations where there is a power failure or when the normal lighting system is inoperative. Because of this reason, it can duplicate any or all of the other types of security lighting discussed above. Unlike most lighting systems, emergency security lighting entirely depends on alternative sources of power such as installed batteries or portable generators. Most building codes require the installation of emergency security lighting in commercial or public buildings to beef up security during times of need.
Emergency security lighting is often designed to switch on automatically when the normal lighting systems go offline. They also provide enough light to allow occupants to exit the building safely. Other types of emergency lighting are often accompanied by a beeping alarm to warn the occupants of an existing danger within or outside the building.
How to Choose the Best Type of Security Lighting
The primary requirements of most security lighting are that they should be bright, turn on when triggered, cover a large area, and mounted higher than other lights for better illumination. However, it is important to consider the security needs of your home or property by looking for lighting fixtures that will direct light where you need it. This can range from low-level path lights that make stair climbing or driveway more secure after dark or high-mounted floodlights that illuminate the entire area.
Security lighting systems are a great investment as they get rid of dark shadows from your property, making it less attractive to intruders. It provides a level of illumination that identifies persons or objects outside a building or property. As a result, it creates a psychological deterrent to any lawless activity in an area being protected.