In the manufacturing industry, equipment like pallet conveyors and other palletizing systems have developed into a necessity. The main use of palletizers is to repeatedly carry out the same or similar tasks such as lift, wrench, and rotate wood pallets and plastic pallets on their own. Regardless of the type, palletizers can perform a wide variety of tasks, ranging from orienting incoming loads, to putting the loads in layers or rows, metering products or loads, to transporting them onto pallet racks, and more.
Used widely in shipping centers, distribution centers, and supply chain lines, pallet conveyors are also used in greenhouses to move flats and warehouses of all kinds. Due to their universal practicality for multiple material handling applications, palletizers are utilized in industries with pallets of goods, including marine shipping, consumer products, food and beverage, defense and military, agriculture, aerospace, automotive, and more.
Pallet conveyors are generally divided into three different types of robotic, low-level or high-level, and in-line palletizers.
Automatic or semi-automatic robotic pallet conveyors are most used between a pallet conveyor belt line carrying products and a pallet dispenser. Products are lifted by a hydraulic robotic arm and then organized neatly onto pallets, thanks to either flat pincer or suction cup arms. Even though robotic pallet conveyors only can lift one thing at a time, they are far more expedient than people power, especially considering there are no risks of injury or fatigue.
Robotic pallet conveyors can handle objects that are fragile or heavy and are often modified to accommodate a wide range of different products, such as drums, pails, bags, bottles, and cases. The palletizers in these situations are often then named after whatever product type they are tasked with loading or unloading, like robotic drum palletizers or robotic pail palletizers for example.
Low-Level & High-Level Palletizers
Both of these palletizers work with a feed area that receives products with need to be put onto pallets. The main difference between each of them is that a low-level palletizer loads items from the floor level, whereas high-level palletizers load items from above. Everything arrives on conveyors in both situations, where they are continuously sorted then transferred onto pallets. Automatic and semi-automatic palletizing processes are always much faster than the process for robotic palletizing.
In-line palletizing systems are another type of pallet conveyor that is designed specifically to stack full layers of cartons or bags at a time. There are two sub types of in-line pallet conveyors called row stripper palletizers and vacuum head unit and
Row Stripper Palletizer
This type of in-line pallet conveyors organizes a row of items then pushes it over to one side to allow for another row to form. Then once the row stripper palletizer has finished making one complete row, it will then stack another row on top of it until the pallet has been completely loaded to its maximum height.
Vacuum Head Unit
The vacuum head unit is another type of in-line palletizer which grabs onto and then holds items with air-powered suction cups. Then after each pallet have been completely loaded, they may be taken elsewhere or they could remain there, which would then make them “captive pallets”.
Benefits Of Pallet Conveyors / Palletizers
Robotic, automatic, and semi-automatic palletizers have a wide range of abilities that may make them much more effective that manual palletizers, like precision, operation speed, load stability, and less chance of injury. These pallet conveyors make the movement of packaged units much safer and easier, as well as much less labor intensive, while also allowing more loads to be moved at the same at the same time. Even though purchasing a palletizer is quite often a large initial investment for many industries, the benefits certainly add up to completely compensate the high cost multiple times over.
Because there is such a wide range of pallet conveyor available today on the market, deciding on which system would work best for your company often becomes a time-consuming and challenging task. That’s why the pallet conveyor experts at Buchannan Electric are always available to help you work out what suits your specifications best, taking into consideration a number of factors such as packing speed, machine type, packaging options, loading size and the capacity. That being said, the most important factor for most businesses is the palletizer’s speed, as it effects operation costs the most.
If you haven’t found with the right palletizer manufacturer for your company, you could very well end up with a very frustrating and unsatisfying product. Buchannan Electric have over 45 years’ experience in the industry, so talk to one of our experts today.