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Can Low Voltage Damage Home Appliances?

Most homeowners think that only high voltage that can damage home appliances. However, this is not true because even low voltage has the potential to cause damage. Voltage issues in your house have the capability to cause wear and tear of key appliances and even fire hazards.

It is hence important to deal with low voltage issues as soon as they arise to prevent such occurrences from taking place. This article talks about the problem of low voltage in a house, its causes, and the best way to fix it.

What Does Low Voltage Mean?

wiring of low voltage electrical system

Low voltage means an unexpected dip in an electrical circuit. The natural impedance of the conductor, a switch malfunction, branch wiring, or high resistance in your home’s electrical circuit can lead to low voltage. High-draw appliances may also result to a drop in the voltage. If the low voltage issue is not handled in time, high amperage plus poor insulation can result to fire. Apart from this, low voltage can cause components to melt down, leading to appliance malfunction.

How to Prevent Low Voltage in Your Home

To prevent your appliances from potential damage due to low voltage, you have to solve the issue of low voltage first. This part of the article gives some fixes for low voltage.

  • Use a Reliable Network

Having a quality electrical power network is one of the first things you can do to deal with the issue of low voltage in your house. This is because even if the electrical system in your house is in great condition, you will still have issues if the main network is of low voltage. Quality power is paramount and you have to work with your distribution system operator to ensure your home has the right quality of electricity.

  • Deal With Voltage Fluctuations

Your house might have an optimal voltage but it keeps fluctuating from high to low. If you experience flickering lights in your home, then you might be facing voltage fluctuation. Generally, such voltage fluctuations do not mean a major problem since your electricity distributor has put in place several safety measures. For instance, they might ensure that heavy-duty installations are not connected to the low-voltage grid. Overload, short circuits, and voltage spikes can cause unplanned interruptions.

How to Prevent Appliances from Low Voltage Damage

You can implement some key precautions to reduce potential damage to your appliances by low voltage. Here are important actions you can take:

  • Purchase Appliances That Meet Quality Standards

Quality appliances are made to operate even in times of voltage fluctuations. You hence need to ensure that the appliance you purchase is able to withstand voltage fluctuations. You can see this in the CE marking. If you are not sure, be sure to double check with the supplier. This helps make sure that you are buying a high quality appliance. This is critical because some appliances are unable to withstand voltage spikes that could be caused by something such as lightning.

  • Have Your Electrical System Inspected Regularly

You need to understand that you are fully responsible for all home appliances in your house. You should thus ensure that your indoor electrical system is operating optimally at all times. You can make sure this happens by having your system inspected on a regular basis by a qualified professional.

  • Install a Power Surge Protector

A surge protector can go a long way in protecting your home appliances from damage in case of voltage spikes. It works by limiting voltages by limiting or diverting the surge current. Surge protectors are quite effective for preventing downtime, improving the electrical system, and reducing potential equipment damage that could be caused by power surges due to voltage issues.

Low voltage is a critical problem that usually goes undetected or ignored until it causes costly failures. Low voltage has the potential to interrupt sensitive processes and shorten the useful life of appliances. This in turn causes you to incur many expenses, a situation that you would have prevented in the first place. The issue of low voltage can be prevented by using a reliable network and dealing with voltage fluctuations as soon as they occur. You can also protect your appliances from low voltage damage by installing a power surge protector, purchasing appliances that meet quality standards, and having your electrical system inspected regularly. If you happen to suspect low voltage in your house, you might want to reach out to a professional as soon as possible.

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